Africa has never been short of ideas for development. But there is a challenge of detail at the implementation level. Indeed, the weak link in the process is the inability of the continent to translate visions and development plans into concrete results.

The conclusion of Joel Barker (independent and futuristic researcher, he was the first to popularize the concept of paradigm shift and is known around the world as "the man of the paradigms"), according to which "a vision without action is merely a chimera, an action without vision goes unnoticed and only a vision doubled by an action can change the world "is entirely appropriate to the context of Africa.

Alignment of the 7 aspirations of Agenda 2063 and Program 2030 on development priorities within the African region and between Africa and the rest of the world is a starting point for promoting better implementation that encompasses also the alignment of ideas, strategies, processes and practices.

This will provide a solid foundation for building coalitions and partnerships from Africa's development priorities. This alignment should take the form of program-level interventions and implementations, the first of which is to build the capacity of local, national and regional intra-African institutions to increase sustainability, coordinate institutions and partners, and to develop joint monitoring and evaluation frameworks applicable to the ambitions documented for Africa.

The era of a need for strategic alignment of priorities for development has come: Where are we?

Africa continues to face serious development challenges. Such challenges as dependency, corruption, underdeveloped infrastructure and production sectors, leadership and governance, etc are some of the impediments to Africa’s quest for sustainable and equitable development. Explaining such development challenges has continued to elude scholars. To the radical leftist scholars, Africa’s underdevelopment can adequately be explained by its forceful and uneven integration into the global economic system. However, with over fifty years of independence, the debate is increasingly focusing on Africa’s leadership as good explanation for its poverty and underdevelopment. This paper argues that the current poverty and underdevelopment of Africa have much to do with enabling conditions created by African leaders and that addressing this requires Africans to go back to pre-colonial history where they can draw good lessons rather than continuing importing Western based models which may not necessarily fit into Africa’s unique characteristics.

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